One of the key factors which can influence the minds and lives of couples is having safe and successful sexual intercourse. However, one of the most common and notable challenges faced towards ensuring that it has been a medical condition is called Erectile Dysfunction. This article is aimed towards giving you a deeper insight into Erectile Dysfunction. Let us begin by understanding what Erectile Dysfunction is.

What is Erectile Dysfunction?

In simple terms, Erectile Dysfunction is a condition which refers to a continued inability to achieve or retain an erection that is firm and good enough, to have sexual intercourse. There is no single reason which can be attributed to the cause of erectile dysfunction. It can happen due to psychological problems like emotional disturbances or due to continued health problems.

What are the causes of Erectile Dysfunction?

The basic cause of erectile dysfunction could be due to inadequate flow of blood into the Penis (male reproductive organ). In addition to this, there could be physical and psychological factors that can lead to erectile dysfunction.

Psychological Conditions include

  • Depression
  • Stress
  • Relationship issues due to stress and poor communication

Physical conditions include

  • Influence of drugs or alcohol
  • Obesity
  • Diabetes
  • Cardiac Problems
  • Extensive use of Tobacco
  • High Blood Pressure
  • High Cholesterol
  • Certain treatments related to prostate cancer
  • Intake of certain prescribed medications which may not suit your health condition
  • Peyronie’s disease (presence of a hard plaque/ nodule in the penis)

When to See a Doctor?

It is a good idea to see your doctor if erectile dysfunction persists for longer durations. However, there is no need to feel embarrassed or tensed at any stage as sometimes, treating an underlying condition, might just be enough to solve the problem.

The symptoms for erectile dysfunction are,

  • Trouble in getting an erection
  • Trouble in maintaining an erection
  • Reduced or no desire to have sexual intercourse.

A family doctor will be a good way, to begin with, if any of the above symptoms, accompanied by Diabetes or Heart disease, is felt.

Is there a solution for Erectile Dysfunction?

There is no need to panic if you experience symptoms of erectile Dysfunction. Based on the complexity of the problem, your Andrologist will suggest the best suitable treatment. This will be suggested after the necessary medical examinations are completed and reports are evaluated. The treatment may include,

  • Oral medicines for penile injections
  • Use of proven supportive vacuum erection devices to facilitate erection
  • If necessary, surgical intervention like Penile implants.

How to Prevent Erectile Dysfunction?

The Best way to prevent erectile dysfunction will be to maintain a healthy lifestyle. Regularly stay connected with your doctor to manage any chronic heart disease or diabetes-related issues. Stop alcohol, smoking and completely refrain from intake of illicit drugs. Exercise frequently and try to reduce stress as much as possible.


There is no need to fear as Erectile Dysfunction can be managed with timely consultation with your doctor and proper counselling.